Body Mind-Spirit


Body/Mind/Spirit: Toward a Biopsychosocial-Spiritual Model of Health

"A human person is a being in a relationship - biologically, psychologically socially, and transcendently."  (Salmasy 2002:32)  – Patricia S. Maloof, Ph.D.

Spirituality, Religion and Holistic Health

The discussion of the relationship between spirituality and religion and health has grown enormously over the last several decades, as the literature shows increased interest among health and mental health professionals. This discussion is not only taking place in the U.S., but around the world.

Many issues remain to be clarified, but the interest in and sense of importance of this topic continues to increase. Studies have shown that spirituality and religion can play a role in how an individual adult or child copes with being sick, may influence medical decisions that are made, and may have an impact on the medical outcome.


This resource consists of 9 sections. Use the links below to access these sections:

  1. Framing the Issue and Holistic Health
  2. Definitions and Discussion of Spirituality and Religion
  3. Definitions of Health, Illness and Sickness
  4. Discussion of Spirituality, Religion and Healing
  5. Biopsychosocial-Spiritual Model
  6. Spirituality of Children
  7. Spiritual Pain and Distress
  8. Assessment of Spirituality and Religion
  9. Professional Training and Development

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